Quebecois Pine Furniture


My favorite piece – a tall pine cupboard with the quintessential diamond design of French furniture.

In my travels as an antique appraiser I sometimes come across furniture that we see very little of in western Canada. For some reason, western tastes in informal antique furniture runs to oak whereas, in the central – east, pine is the wood of choice. As such, we seldom see old pine pieces in Alberta – unless they have been brought in by someone who used to live in Quebec (or brought into the province by a dealer).

This was the case a few months ago when I visited a senior who was planning to move out of the city. She had beautiful 18th and 19th century furniture and antiques (the pitcher in my previous blog was hers too) and was looking to sell the furniture before she moved at the end of the month. I put her in contact with a few dealers and the formal pieces made of walnut and mahogany sold. However,  I had a difficult time connecting with anyone about the pine furniture she had avidly collected and brought to Alberta when she and her husband had moved here decades ago.


Short pine cupboard. The top is made with two planks of wood which have shrunk thus creating a gap.

The pine furniture, made in the mid to late 19th century, was built by hand and its hardware was original. The pieces would clearly be described as rustic because the maker’s marks (from tools) and signs of wear and tear were obvious.

There’s no real way of telling what the original colours would have been because, according to the book “Antique Furniture of Quebec” by Michel Lessard, “between 1920 and 1970 old furniture (in Quebec) was systematically stripped down to bare wood.


The inside of this pine open cupboard has been painted. The decorative elements place it in the late 19th century.

The senior collected this furniture back as far as the 1940’s so I suspect her pieces were more original than those that are seen today. Due to their continued popularity  in Quebec and Ontario, furniture of this type has suffered greatly at the hands of “restorers.”


A commode used at bedside. The chamber pot was, at one time, stored behind the door.

The furniture has, as previously mentioned, been stripped, married (when pieces of one cupboard are attached to another), and reproduced complete with the “signs of wear.” A collector must be aware of this before paying a large sum of money for a piece.

So why is pine furniture less popular in the west? I have a theory about that. In this part of the country we are obsessed with “new”. New is good, old is bad. In a conversation with an auctioneer a few years back I was told “Westerners like antiques – it’s just that they want them to look like they were made yesterday.”

Herein lies the problem – few of us accept antique furniture that is anything less than pristine – even if it means the original finish has been stripped. Our furniture wouldn’t fare well on the Antiques Road Show. It’s time we grew up and appreciated things that are not perfect. At least they have character.


Rustic pine chair with ‘catgut’ seat (not made from cats but sheep and horses)

8 responses to “Quebecois Pine Furniture

  1. The Quebec pine diamond point cabinet is beautiful. I recently saw a similar one, what would you value this at? Thank you

    • Dan, the value of such a piece depends entirely on where you sell it. For example, pine is very desirable in Eastern Canada (where this piece was from) whereas the western provinces seem to prefer oak. As such, the values could be dramatically different.

  2. There is nothing like pine furniture! I love it because it is practical and comfortable. Not only that, but also it is beautiful! You could make almost any piece of furniture out of pine.

    • Absolutely. It has a casual, almost rustic vibe that works perfectly with cottage interiors and shabby chic style. It’s the kind of wood that looks good even when it’s been a bit damaged.

    • You’re absolutely right. Viewers get to hear what the difference in value is between refinished and original finishes from an expert. Unfortunately a person considering refinishing a piece of furniture doesn’t always know that – until it’s too late.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s